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Windpower - Europe

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UK's Sedgefield Council approves E.ON UK's 10-turbine wind farm
The UK's Sedgefield Borough Council Monday approved planning permission for generator E.ON UK to build a 10-turbine wind farm at Butterwick Moor, E.ON UK said in a statement. The company did not specify how many MW the farm would be, but said it could produce power for around 10,000 homes. That would take 10 MW at full load, or 30 MW if the wind turbines only operated a third of the time.
Dave Farrier, renewables development manager, said: "We're delighted with this decision because not only will the scheme provide local job opportunities, it'll also produce enough electricity for around 10,000 homes and displace the emission of over 40,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide every year."

Work on site is expected to start in 2008. E.ON UK owns or operates 20 wind farms across the country, including the Blyth and Scroby Sands offshore schemes.


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Eastern Europe gears up to reap more power from wind

International Herald Tribune, 19 June 2007, by Kimberly Conniff Taber
Paris: Alongside vast fields of barley and wheat and windswept coastlines, a new feature is increasingly becoming a part of the Eastern European landscape: wind turbines.

While Germany, Spain and Denmark are still by far the biggest wind-producing countries on the Continent, Eastern Europe is fast becoming a new frontier in wind power development as Europe tries to find environmentally friendly ways to satisfy growing energy demand and to meet ambitious targets for renewable energy.

When the European Union committed in March to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 20 percent by the year 2020, it also agreed that a fifth of its energy would come from renewable sources like wind and solar power. According to the European Wind Energy Association, wind - which now satisfies about 3 percent of total European energy consumption - is likely to cover as much as 16 percent by 2020.

The European Commission reports that the amount of electricity produced from wind has grown by an average of 26 percent a year since 2001.

But markets in the major wind-producing countries, while still expanding, are nearing capacity. "These markets are starting to get tapped out, and it's increasingly difficult to get in," said Catalina Robledo, an analyst specializing in European wind energy for Emerging Energy Research, a consulting company based in Barcelona and Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Turning to their neighbors may be the answer. "Some of these developers are looking to move to Eastern Europe where there are still possibilities for market entry," Robledo said. "There's definitely an interest in what's happening there."

Emerging Energy Research projects a 13-fold growth in Eastern European wind power capacity by 2015, to 7,552 megawatts from 569 megawatts in 2006, with most of the increase in Poland, Turkey, the Czech Republic and Hungary.

Some of the largest players in the global wind market, including Iberdrola of Spain; Acciona of Spain; EuroTrust of Denmark; and Good Energies, based in London, are getting a foothold in the region, often in partnership with local firms.

The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, which was established after the fall of Communism to help rebuild the economies of central and Eastern European countries, is also investing in wind projects throughout the area.

"A year ago I would have told you that outside of the old European Union, there's not much worth looking at in terms of development," said Michael Rand, a principal banker in the European Bank's power and energy utilities unit. "In the last 12 months, the market has really taken off."

While wind capacity in Eastern Europe is still far less than in Western Europe - Spain alone has 11,600 megawatts - the region has nevertheless taken a giant leap forward.

In Poland, considered the most attractive of the Eastern markets because of state support, good wind conditions and the availability of land, the European Commission says the coastal area has potential similar to that of Denmark and the interior of the country similar to that of Germany.

Power companies are taking notice. Good Energies, for example, announced last month a €175 million, or $234 million, 120-megawatt wind farm, enough to supply power to 72,000 homes, in Poland, to be installed by late 2008. The managing director, Andrew Lee, said that the company considered Poland a "core market" and expected to expand to 500 megawatts by 2010.

Opportunities still exist in Western Europe, Lee said, "but they tend to be smaller and a lot of the best sites have been taken." He added that the company preferred "being in new countries and new areas where opportunities are expanding rather than trying to fight in a mature market."

There are clear advantages to harnessing wind power in a bid to solve the global warming crisis, Arthurous Zervos, the president of the European Wind Energy Association, said. First, it is cheaper than other forms of renewable energy: an average of about 6.5 euro cents per kilowatt hour, compared with about 10 cents for biomass and more than 30 cents for photovoltaic solar power, according to the European Commission.

Wind farms are quick to install, taking only a few months to build after permits have been granted, versus years for traditional power plants. And technology has advanced considerably in the past few years, so that individual turbines can now produce 3.5 megawatts of power each, translating into more energy potential in smaller wind farms.

The result is the prevention of 80 million tons of carbon from being emitted into the air per year, according to the European Wind Energy Association. By 2010, the amount saved will rise to 140 million tons a year.

But there are also significant barriers to wind power development, and the emerging economies in Eastern Europe produce their own set of challenges.

These countries have long relied on coal, oil and gas for their energy, and hesitate to switch to other forms. While wind might be cheaper than other sources of renewable energy, it is still more than twice as expensive as coal, for example, which accounts for more than 90 percent of the energy used for heating in Poland; or gas, which provides 75 percent of heat in Hungary.

"They're still probably trying to figure out, 'What's in it for us?' " said Robledo of Emerging Energy Research.

In addition, the regulatory framework for renewables is much less developed in Eastern Europe than in some of the Western countries. Incentives like subsidies and tax credits are being adopted, but are not as mature as those in Germany, for example, where the government offers developers a lucrative tariff for the first five years of wind installment and a guaranteed tariff above the market price after that.

Potential developers have also run into problems with government quotas. In Hungary, growth has been capped at 330 megawatts by 2010 - the amount the government has estimated that the grid infrastructure can handle. But permits have already been granted that add up to a much larger capacity, so there is a scramble to figure out which can go forward, while developers push for infrastructure upgrades that will allow them to get in on the game.

Finally, Eastern European countries are saddled with issues affecting the entire industry, including the shortage of wind turbines as manufacturers struggle to keep up with demand and the challenges of persuading local communities to live in sight of dozens of 80-meter, or 262-foot, wind turbines.

The EU targets, which are being revised for individual countries, are already encouraging countries to make changes in their regulatory frameworks to resolve some of these issues; and some investors, including the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development are working directly with local governments and the European Commission to iron out problems.

In Hungary, for example, the bank paid for a consultant to analyze the amount of wind capacity the grid could sustain, and is using the results in talks with the country's energy office about the number of licenses granted, while the government is reviewing its energy law, including options for renewable-energy subsidy plans.

Despite the various obstacles, people in the industry are confident that the burgeoning market will spur new legislation
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deel 2:

Despite the various obstacles, people in the industry are confident that the burgeoning market will spur new legislation, and vice versa, to help wind sweep through Eastern Europe.

"What are the alternatives?" Zervos, of the wind energy association, asked. "Without a big contribution from wind we cannot achieve EU targets. It's the realization of this fact that's making changes happen."

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Denmark: E.ON wins approval to set up offshore wind farm
Børsen, 18 Jun 2007,:- The Danish Energy Authority (Energistyrelsen) has given power company E.ON Vind Sverige an approval to take over the whole of the Rødsand 2 offshore wind farm construction project off Lolland in Denmark after Dong Energy last month gave up its 89% stake in the project.
The Rødsand 2 project is expected to cost DKr 3bn (US$ 0.54bn EUR 0.4bn) instead of the DKr 2bn estimated at the start, which is mainly due to rising wind turbine prices.

According to E.ON Vind Sverige's MD Lennart Fagerberg, the 200 MW wind farm is scheduled to be ready by 2010 as was stated in the original plan.

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Financial close for C-Power's Belgian 300-MW offshore wind farm
Financial close has been reached on Belgium's first offshore wind farm, C-Power's 300-MW Far Shore Thornton Bank project, lenders' engineer Mott MacDonald said June 15. "Following on from this agreement, C-Power (a venture established by DEME, Ecotech Finance, EDF Energies Nouvelles, NUHMA and Socofe) will be responsible for the construction and operation of the first phase" of the project, some 28-km off the Belgian coast near Zeebrugge, Mott MacDonald said.
The first phase is to comprise six 5-MW wind turbines, and is being treated as a demonstration project by the Belgian authorities. The 30-MW first phase is set to provide a yearly 120 GWh and offset around 45,000 tons of carbon. The value of the whole project, which includes further stages to bring the capacity up to 300-MW, is around Eur153 million ($205 million).

Q7 COMPONENTS ARRIVE AT IJMUIDEN

News of financial close for C-Power in Belgium comes 10 days after components for the first 20 Vestas V80 2-MW wind turbines arrived for the 120-MW Offshore Wind Farm Q7 in IJmuiden harbour, Netherlands. Q7 is a joint venture between Econcern and utility ENECO Energie.

Final work on the wind turbines is being done in IJmuiden, after which the components will be shipped to the wind farm site. According to the current plan, the supply of components by road to IJmuiden will take until early August. All 60 turbines are expected to be installed and ready for testing in September.

The foundations and the transition pieces have been installed and the process of laying land and sea cables is on-going. The offshore high-voltage substation has also been installed. Wind farm Q7 is scheduled for delivery in March 2008, the developer said.


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German wind farm developer PNE forms JV over Hungarian wind farms
German wind farm developer Plambeck Neue Energien and GM Umwelt- und Energiewirtschaft plan to establish a joint venture for the development and realization of wind farm projects in Hungary, Cuxhaven-based PNE said Monday. Nine wind farms with up to 130 wind turbines and a nominal output of up to 260 MW, which are in various phases of development, will be included in the joint venture. The projects are to be realized by 2011, costing around Eur300 million in total.
The joint venture, in which Plambeck Neue Energien is to hold 79%, is to be called Plambeck GM New Energy Hungary Kft and will have its headquarters in Hungary. In the JV, Dresden-based GM Umwelt- und Energiewirtschaft is to be responsible for the development of the wind farms up to construction maturity. Plambeck Neue Energien is to be in charge of selection and purchasing of the wind energy systems, project financing and sales as well as the commercial and technical operational management in the units' operating phase.


voda
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Norway's Statkraft, Agder plan 4TWh of wind power in UK, Europe
Norwegian utilities Statkraft and Agder Energi have entered an agreement about development and operation of wind farms in Norway and Europe, Statkraft said Wednesday. Statkraft, which has a 45.5% stake in Agder Energi, said the companies plan to develop a total of 4 TWh of wind power by 2017. CEO of Statkraft, Bard Mikkelsen, told Platts that UK was the most attractive market to invest in, because it had the most "competitive" governmental incentives for renewables.
Govermental support for wind power in Norway, Mikkelsen said, was, in contrast to the UK, not adequate. The Norwegian government decided in November 2006 to support wind power production with NOK80/MWh ($12.8/MWh).

Mikkelsen would not put an exact figure on the planned investments in wind projects, but said it would be "several billion" NOK.

"The background [to] the agreement is a common desire [for] co-ordinating and exploiting the potential which is embedded in the companies' total competence and economical sustainability. The parties want to connect to central players for wind power on the continent..," Statkraft said in a statement.

The state-owned Statkraft Group is the third largest producer of power in the Nordic region, as well as the second largest producer of power based on renewable energy sources in Europe, it says.

The company produces hydro power, wind power and district heating and is building gas-fired power plants in Norway and in Germany. In 2006, Statkraft recorded net profit of NOK 6.3 billion (US$ 1.1 billion, Eur785.8 million.)

Agder Energi owns 31 power stations and produced 7.3 TWh of power in 2005. The company's production and services are primarily focused on the southern region of Norway. Agder Energi is owned by Statkraft Regional Holding (45.5%) and the 30 municipalities in Agder (54.5 %.)

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Investeringen in windmolens verdubbeld
De investeringen in windmolens zijn vorig jaar verdubbeld tot 793 miljoen euro. Inmiddels staan er in Nederland 1848 windmolens die samen 1615 megawatt produceren, voldoende voor 1 miljoen huishoudens.

Dat maakte SenterNovem, een agentschap van het ministerie van Economische Zaken, maandag bekend.

Vorig jaar kwam er een recordaantal van 336 windturbines bij, waaronder het windmolenpark van oliemaatschappij Shell en
energiebedrijf Nuon voor de kust van Egmond.

EIA

Onder de regeling Energie-Investeringsaftrek (EIA) kunnen bedrijven investeringen in duurzame energie aftrekken van de belastbare winst. Zonder deze vorm van subsidie zijn bijvoorbeeld windmolens op zee niet rendabel.

Buiten de energiesector (49 procent) en de industrie (24 procent) maakte ook de land- en glastuinbouw veel gebruik van de aftrekregeling (14 procent).

Copyright (c) 2007 Het Financieele Dagblad

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NIBC financiert offshore windmolenpark in Duitsland
AMSTERDAM (FD.nl/Betten) - NIBC gaat een offshore windmolenpark in Nordergrunde in Duitsland financieren. De Haagse bank maakt woensdag bekend de opdracht te hebben gekregen van de Duitse ontwikkelaar Energiekontor. Een investeringssom werd niet genoemd.

Het project bestaat uit 25 windturbines en zal 15 kilometer ten Noord-oosten van Wilhelmshaven worden gebouwd. Op dit moment worden nog enkele technische zaken afgerond, ook verwacht het Duitse bedrijf de bouwvergunning snel te ontvangen.

De bouw en de aantelling van het project zullen naar verwachting plaatsvinden in 2009. De definitieve closing van het contract wordt verwacht in het vierde kwartaal van 2007.

Corina Ruhe
corina@bfn.com

(c) Het Financieele Dagblad in samenwerking met Betten Beursmedia News (contact: webred@fd.nl/ 020-5928456)

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Portugal EDP Wind Power Generation Up 58 Pct Y/Y H1 2007
Portuguese utility EDP- Energias de Portugal reported a 58 pct year-on-year growth in its wind power generation output in the first half of 2007, the company said in a regulatory filing on July 18, 2007. Apart from the wind power generation, EDP also noted that it showed a sustained growth in the volumes in its major business areas. The company highlighted also a 3.6 increase of the output of liberalised generation plants in the Iberian market and a high level of sales to liberalised retail customers. The latter consumed more than 60 pct of the output of EDP's liberalised generation plants in the Iberian market.
The volume of electricity distributed by EDP in Spain and Portugal rose by 2.2 pct, while the volume of gas distributed rose by 1.0 pct, EDP said.

In Brazil, the volume of electricity distributed by EDP rose by 4.0 pct. According to the company the growth reflects the stronger economic growth, precisely in the regions where the local Enersul and Escelsa units operate.

EDP's wind combined installed capacity in Europe stood at 1,732 MW at end June 2007, up 56 pct year-on-year, the company's filing also showed.

(Note: Unless otherwise stated, all figures/comparisons are for H1 2007/H1 2006.)

www.cmvm.pt


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Czech Wind Power Plants Output Soars 132 Pct 2006
The combined output of wind power plants operating in the Czech Republic soared by 132 pct year-on-year to 49.4 GWh in 2006, according to data of the Czech Energy Regulator (ERU). The production of wind power plants in the Czech Republic is projected to grow in 2007 as well, due to the launch of new energy sources and the extremely windy weather in the first half of 2007.
The installed capacity of the wind power plants in the country doubled to 44 MW in 2006 compared with a year earlier. In 2006 the wind power plants' production covered the annual consumption of about 14,000 households in the country.

Under the Czech Republic's agreement with the European Union (EU), the country's electricity production from renewable sources has to represent 8.0 pct of the total by 2010, or double the current share.

www.financninoviny.cz

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German wind industry up 40% during 2006, now 37% of world revenue
The German wind industry grew by 40% in 2006 to a total added value of Eur5.6 billion ($7.69 billion) and is responsible for 37% of the industry's global revenue, the German wind energy institute (DEWI) said Wednesday in a statement. According to DEWI, this is an increase of Eur1.6 billion compared with 2005, when the total value of German wind industry worldwide added up to Eur4.0 billion. The German wind industry thus has a share of 37% of the industry's global revenue of Eur15.4 billion in 2006, DEWI said.
Thorsten Herdan, director of the renewables lobby group VDMA Power Systems, said: "With a growth of 40% and 37% global market share, Germany is the undisputed world market leader [in wind power]."

DEWI also said that the German export quota in the wind sector had increased from 71% in 2005 to 74% in 2006, meaning that "Germany's domestic market is slowly losing volume."

In the first half of 2007, 347 installations with a total capacity of 665 MW were installed in Germany, a quarter less than during the period in 2006, DEWI said.

Hermann Albers, president of the German wind energy association BWE, said: "Without a stable domestic [wind power] market, we cannot keep up our global market share...and it is time that the offshore [wind power] market finally gets started here."

According to DEWI, Germany currently has 19,024 wind generating facilities in use, which have a combined capacity of 21,283 MW.


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Polish Generator BOT Plans $1.77B Wind Farm On Baltic - Paper
WARSAW (Dow Jones)--Polish state-owned power generating group BOT Gornictwo i Energetyka plans to build three 300-Megawatt wind farms on the Baltic Sea at an estimated cost of 5 billion zlotys ($1.77 billion), the daily Gazeta Prawna reports Wednesday. BOT spokesman Blazej Toranski told the daily the project, aimed at meeting European Union requirements that member countries meet 10.4% of their power needs for renewable sources, is now being evaluated by the company's investment department.
The investment calls for three floating wind farms, each containing 100 windmills attached to three-Megawatt turbines, to be sited off Poland's Baltic coast near the towns of Lawica Slupska, Srodkowa, and Zarnowiec.

Toranski said floating wind farms cost more to build but pay back the investment due to higher efficiency, as seaborne turbines can operate up to 7,500 hours a year, compared with an average of 2,000-3,000 for windmills sited on land.

Newspaper web site: www.gazetaprawna.pl

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Portugal Wind Power Capacity At 2,000 MW Aug 2007
The total wind power capacity of Portugal for electricity generation stood at 2,000 MW in August 2007, data of the national renewable energy association APREN showed on September 11, 2007. The current installed capacity guarantees five minutes per each hour of consumed electricity to be generated from wind power, the association explained.
The wind power generation now accounts for some 8.0 pct of the annual electricity consumption in the country, according to calculations of APREN. The institution sees the share growing to 15 pct in 2010.

The construction of wind farms in Portugal in the past years has been developing at a slow pace, but allows a progressive reduction of the dependence on fossil fuels, APREN pointed out.

[Alternative name: Associacao Portuguesa de Energias Renovaveis (APREN)]

www.negocios.pt

Source: Jornal de Negocios (IC/IM/IC)


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Wind energy will bring price volatility: Statkraft
Increased European investment in wind power over the coming years will contribute to increased price volatility in wholesale power markets, a senior executive of Norwegian state-owned utility Statkraft told participants at a conference in Oslo on August 22. Jorgen Kildahl, executive vice president of Statkraft's generation and markets division, said a substantial growth in on- and offshore wind production was expected between now and 2020 in order to meet the EU Commission's renewables targets.
"But the strong promotion of wind increases the volatility in power prices," said Kildahl.

He gave an example from Germany where wind generation had dropped from 16 to 2 GW in a single day. On the German spot market, he said, prices spiked in July 2006 because to low wind production. In the first quarter of 2007, however, prices were kept low by high wind production.

The rise in wind energy generation will increase the need for flexible power production such as hydroelectricity generation, said Kildal. Hydropower plants can start producing on short notice, Kildahl noted, but he doubted that more large-scale hydroelectric plants would be built in Europe. Gas-fired production, then, was the best alternative, he said.

Kildahl also said the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and carbon prices would continue to have a major impact on power prices. According to estimates by Statkraft, carbon trading lead to an increase of European power prices by €9/MWh on average in 2005.

"The correlation [between carbon and power prices] that we saw in 2005 will return in 2008," Kildahl said.


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E.ON UK lays plans to build 300-MW offshore wind farm
Power generator E.ON UK plans to build an 83-turbine, 300-MW offshore wind plant eight kilometers off Hull in the Humber Gateway in northeast England. The company said August 29 that the wind farm was part of its commitment to reduce the carbon intensity of its emissions by 10% by 2012. This builds on the existing achievement of reducing carbon intensity by 20% since 1990.
E.ON UK currently has 20 wind farms located from Cornwall in southwest England to Northern Ireland. It also burns biomass material mixed with coal in two of its power stations and is building the UK's largest dedicated biomass power station at Lockerbie.


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Spanish government sets targets to double renewable energy use
Installed renewable energy capacity in Spain, already one of the world's leading renewables markets, is expected to increase to 37,180 MW by year-end 2016 from 14,148 MW at year-end 2006, according to a preliminary draft of the Industry Ministry's 2007-2016 energy infrastructure development plan, which was issued in August Under the plan, electricity production from renewable resources, which the Spanish government defines to include solid waste, would grow considerably over the next 10 years:
Wind energy would increase to 29,000 MW from the current 11,233 MW;

Biomass to 2,770 MW from 554 MW;

Mini hydropower to 2,450 MW from 1,811 MW;

Solar to 2,000 MW from 106 MW; and

Industrial and household waste, to 960 MW from 444 MW.

Additionally, cogeneration capacity is to rise to 7,990 MW from 6,785 MW. The plan predicted that combined renewables and cogeneration capacity would represent 39.6% of Spain's total capacity at the end of the 10-year period, up from 26.5%, and account for 36.5% of electricity production, about 90% above the current 19.2%.

The draft plan noted that improvements to the Spanish power grid to handle increased capacity, including generation from conventional energy sources, as well as to improve service, are expected to cost €8.667 billion ($11.741 billion), with €3.482 billion going for transmission lines and €5.185 billion for substations. For the gas sector, also covered by the report, total spending is expected to reach €9.329 billion.

Key power grid projects to be carried out include adding another 400-kV connection with France and another 400-kV link with Portugal; improving and expanding the 400-kV and 220-kV networks; completing the supply links for Spain's expanding high-speed rail lines; and adding additional transformers.

"The planning of the power and gas sectors has as its goal the guaranteeing the security and quality of supplies, preserving global competitiveness and protection of the environment," said the Industry Ministry.

The Spanish government is seeking public comment on the draft plan before drawing up a final version.


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Wind power - UpWind progress.
UpWind is an EU financed R&D effort to develop and verify substantially improved models of the principal wind turbine components, which the industry needs for the design and manufacture of wind turbines for future very large-scale applications - for example offshore wind farms of several hundred MW. The wind turbines needed will be very large (>8-10 MW and rotor diameter >120 m), but present design methods and the available components and materials do not allow such up-scaling. In order to achieve the necessary up-scaling before 2020, full understanding of external design conditions, innovative materials with a sufficient strength to mass ratio, and advanced control and measuring systems are essential. In 2003, European companies supplied 90% of the global market for wind power technology. UpWind will expect to help in maintaining that position and realising EU renewable electricity targets for 2010.
The project brings together the most advanced European specialists and experience. In the short year since work started in earnest significant new information and insights have been achieved. To give a few examples, it has been discovered that deflection of blades has a significant influence on aerodynamic behaviour, and that trailing edge deformation is an interesting option for blade control (see 'Applying memory metal', p24); it also provides a promising approach for more accurate modelling of wave loading. Individual blade control could reduce dynamic loads considerably, on blades between 10 and 30%, on hub and shaft by 20 to 40%.

Other areas of interest include investigation of what exactly causes the observed dramatic changes in output of individual wind turbines in response to very small changes in conditions; general work on large farms, both offshore and in complex terrain, which has been brought forward in response to the urgent needs of owners and operators; and two promising concepts for distributed aerodynamic control techniques, based on smart materials and structures (shape memory alloys and piezo-electric elements).


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Hoofdpunten Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieu

Het ministerie van Volkshuisvesting, Ruimtelijke Ordening en Milieu heeft in 2008 euro 400 mln beschikbaar voor Wonen, Wijken en Integratie. Voor maatregelen om het klimaat te verbeteren trekt het kabinet euro 140 mln uit, naast het bestaande budget van euro 1,3 mrd.
De aanschaf van zonnepanelen, warmtepompen en zonneboilers wordt gesubsidieerd.
Tot 2011 worden 500.000 woningen en gebouwen gerenoveerd en energiezuiniger gemaakt.
De komende vier jaar wordt de productie van windenergie op land verdubbeld.
In 2015 moeten nieuwe huizen de helft energiezuiniger zijn dan nu.
Er komt een nieuwe subsidieregeling voor groene stroom, de SDE of Stimuleringsregeling duurzame energieproductie. De SDE komt in plaats van de MEP-regeling die in augustus 2006 werd afgeschaft.
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