TegenBeterWetenIn schreef op 29 mei 2020 13:55:roskill.com/news/vanadium-saudi-germa...
Vanadium: Saudi-German JV to manufacture vanadium redox flow batteries
The Saudi-German JV is an example of collaboration across the supply chain, through the support of the public sector and a profitability-enabling local regulatory framework. This and other market developments in VRBs show that flow batteries are an option that is well-suited for longer duration energy storage applications. The sustainability of VRB projects requires these integrated agreements to mitigate price volatility and, therefore, control costs, through integrated supply chains.
Vanadium supply from spent catalyst recycling currently accounts for only 10% of global supply, but with the largest oil and gas refinery in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia could look to benefit from this supply source via the secondary production route. Saudi Aramco is part of a JV that has commissioned a feasibility study on secondary spent catalyst recycling, which could provide a local feedstock for the VRB industry.